Bundling for Flexibility and Variety: An Economic Model for Multi-Producer Value Aggregation

A new business form that is increasingly prominent, especially in platform business models, is an economic structure in which value is co-created by multiple producers and aggregated into a common bundle by a producer-consortium or independent firm. Examples include in-home video entertainment, technology goods and services, multi-sourced data platforms, and patent pools. This paper develops an economic model to study demand, production choices, revenue-sharing, and relative market power in such markets. Beyond these specific questions, it provides an architecture to rigorously answer additional questions in platform competition, market power, and effects of industrial realignment.